Electronic Brake Distribution (EBD) Features
Electronic Brake Distribution (EBD) has been added to the VSA system. EBD eliminates the need for an external, mechanical proportioning valve and improves overall braking performance.
When the vehicle is heavily loaded, most of the increase in weight is born by the rear wheels, increasing braking capability. Proportioning valves maintain a fixed distribution of brake pressure between the front and the rear wheels, making it very difficult to fully utilize increased rear wheel braking capability. EBD varies brake pressure distribution according to load, using input from the wheel speed sensors, which improves overall braking performance.
Under normal braking conditions, brake pressure is evenly distributed between the front and rear brakes, and EBD is not used.
Under hard braking conditions, the VSA modulator-control unit monitors wheel speed in order to allow a maximum amount of brake distribution individually to the rear wheels. Once the VSA modulator-control unit detects that one or both rear wheels are nearing their maximum braking potential, the inlet valve closes for one or both rear wheels, maintaining the current pressure. If the traction is improved, and the wheel(s) is no longer nearing its limits, the VSA modulator-control unit will open the inlet solenoid allowing additional pressure to be distributed to the rear wheel. The rear wheels are controlled independently of each other during EBD function.
If during EBD function the VSA modulator-control unit determines that the wheels are begining to slip more than a predetermined amount, the control unit abandons EBD control and shifts to select low 3-channel ABS control.