Fuel and Emissions Systems
Electronic Control System
The functions of the fuel and emission control systems are managed by the Engine Control Module (ECM) on vehicles with manual transmissions or the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) on vehicles with automatic transmissions.
When an abnormality occurs in a signal from a sensor, the ECM/PCM ignores that signal and assumes a pre-programmed value for that sensor that allows the engine to continue to run.
When an abnormality occurs in the ECM/PCM, the injectors are controlled by a back-up circuit independent of the system to permit minimal driving.
When an abnormality occurs in the signal from a sensor, the ECM/PCM supplies ground for the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) and stores the Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) in erasable memory. When the ignition is first turned on, the ECM/PCM supplies ground for the MIL for 2 seconds to check the MIL bulb condition.
Two Driving Cycle Detection Method
To prevent false indications, the ''two driving cycle detection method'' is used for some self-diagnostic functions. When an abnormality occurs, the ECM/PCM stores it in its memory. When the same abnormality recurs after the ignition switch is turned OFF and ON (II) again, the ECM/PCM informs the driver by turning on the MIL.