Piston, Pin, and Connecting Rod Replacement


1.Remove the piston from the engine block.

2.Apply new engine oil to the piston pin snap rings (A), and turn them in the ring grooves until the end gaps are lined up with the cutouts in the piston pin bores (B).

NOTE: Take care not to damage the ring grooves.


3.Remove both snap rings (A). Start at the cutout in the piston pin bore. Remove the snap rings carefully so they do not go flying or get lost. Wear eye protection.


4.Heat the piston and connecting rod assembly to about 70 °C (158 °F), then remove the piston pin.



NOTE: Inspect the piston, piston pin, and connecting rod when they are at room temperature.

1.Measure the diameter of the piston pin.

Piston Pin Diameter
Standard (New): 19.960-19.964 mm
(0.7858-0.7860 in.)
Service Limit: 19.960 mm (0.7858 in.) 


2.Zero the dial indicator to the piston pin diameter.


3.Check the difference between the piston pin diameter and piston pin hole diameter in the piston.

Piston Pin-to-Piston Clearance
Standard (New): -0.004 to +0.003 mm
(-0.00016 to +0.00012 in.)
Service Limit: 0.006 mm (0.0002 in.) 


4.Measure the piston pin-to-connecting rod clearance.

Piston Pin-to-Connecting Rod Clearance
Standard (New): 0.005-0.015 mm
(0.0002-0.0006 in.)
Service Limit: 0.02 mm (0.0008 in.) 



1.Install a piston pin snap ring (A).


2.Coat the piston pin bore, the bore in the connecting rod, and the piston pin with new engine oil.

3.Heat the piston to about 70 °C (158 °F).


4.Assemble the piston (A) and connecting rod (B) with the mark (C) and the embossed mark (D) on the same side. Install the piston pin (E).



5.Install the remaining snap ring (F).

6.Turn the snap rings until the end gaps are positioned at the bottom of the piston.