DTC Troubleshooting: P0171 (45), P0172 (45)

DTC P0171:  Fuel System Too Lean
  
  

NOTE:
P0102, P0103: Mass air flow (MAF) sensor
P0107, P0108: Manifold absolute pressure (MAP) sensor
P0133, P1157, P2238, P2252, P2A00: Air fuel ratio (A/F) sensor (Sensor 1)
P0134, P0135: Air fuel ratio (A/F) sensor (Sensor 1) heater
P0137, P0138: Secondary HO2S (Sensor 2)
P0141: Secondary HO2S (Sensor 2) heater
P2646, P2647, P2648, P2649: VTEC system
P0401, P0404, P0406, P2413: Exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system
P0443: EVAP canister purge valve

1.Check the fuel pressure.

Is the fuel pressure OK?


YES - Go to 2.


NO -

2.Check for vacuum leaks at these parts:
  • PCV valve
  • PCV hose
  • EVAP canister purge valve
  • Throttle body
  • Intake manifold
  • Brake booster hose
  • Brake booster
  • Intake air duct

Are the parts OK?


YES - Go to 3.


NO - Repair or replace parts with leaks, then go to 10.


3.Turn the ignition switch OFF.

4.Disconnect the vacuum hose (A) from the EVAP canister purge valve (B) on the throttle body, and connect a vacuum pump/gauge to the hose.

 

5.Apply vacuum to the hose.

Does the hold vacuum?


YES - Go to 6.


NO - Replace the EVAP canister purge valve, then go to 10.

6.Start the engine. Hold the engine speed at 3,000 rpm (min-1) without load (in Park or neutral) until the radiator fan comes on, then let it idle.

7.Check for these conditions:
  • ECT SENSOR 1 above 80 °C (176 °F)
  • M/T in neutral (A/T in Park or neutral)
  • All electrical loads off

8.Monitor the ENG SPD in the DATA LIST with the HDS, and hold the engine speed at 4,500 rpm (min-1). Once the engine speed is met, hold the accelerator pedal steady for more than 10 seconds.

Did the engine speed vary more than 100 rpm (min-1) from 4,500 rpm (min-1)?


YES - Repeat 8.


NO - Go to 9.


9.While holding the engine speed at 4,500 rpm (min-1), check the MAF SENSOR in the DATA LIST with the HDS.

Is there about 14-20 gm/s?


YES - Check the engine valve clearances and adjust if necessary. If the valve clearances are OK, replace the injectors, then go to 10.


NO - Replace the MAF sensor/IAT sensor, then go to 10.


10.Turn the ignition switch ON (II).

11.Reset the ECM/PCM with the HDS.

12.Do the ECM/PCM idle learn procedure.

13.Start the engine. Hold the engine speed at 3,000 rpm (min-1) without load (in Park or neutral) until the radiator fan comes on, then let it idle.

14.Test-drive under these conditions:
  • ECT SENSOR 1 above 80 °C (176 °F)
  • M/T in neutral (A/T in Park or neutral)
  • All electrical loads off

NOTE: DTC P0171 and/or P0172 may take up to 80 minutes of test driving to set. Using the HDS, monitor the long term fuel trim (LT FUEL TRIM) or the air fuel feed back average (AF FB AVE). If the long term fuel trim/air fuel feed back average stays within 0.80-1.25, there is no problem at this time.

15.Check for Temporary DTCs or DTCs with the HDS.

Are any Temporary DTCs or DTCs indicated?


YES - If DTC P0171 or P0172 is indicated, go to 1. If any other Temporary DTCs or DTCs are indicated, go to the indicated DTC's troubleshooting.


NO - Troubleshooting is complete.n