Engine Compression Inspection

1.Warm up the engine to normal operating temperature (cooling fan comes on).

2.Turn the ignition switch OFF.

3.Remove the intake manifold cover.

4.Disconnect all four injector connectors.

5.Start the engine, and let it run until it stalls.

6.Remove the four ignition coils.

7.Remove the four spark plugs.

8.Attach the compression gauge to the spark plug hole.

 

9.Connect a tachometer.

10.Open the throttle fully, then crank the engine with the starter motor and measure the compression.

Compression Pressure: 
Above 930 kpa (9.5 kgf/cm2, 135 psi)-250 rpm (min-1) 

11.Measure the compression on the remaining cylinders.

Maximum variation: 
Within 200 kPa (2.0 kgf/cm2, 28 psi) 

12.If the compression is not within specifications, check the following items, then remeasure the compression.

  • Damaged or worn valves and seats
  • Damaged cylinder head gasket
  • Damaged or worn piston rings
  • Damaged or worn piston and cylinder bore