Armature Inspection and Test
|1.||Remove the starter.|
|2.||Disassemble the starter as shown at the beginning of this procedure.|
|3.||Inspect the armature for wear or damage from contact with the permanent magnet. If there is wear or damage, replace the armature.|
|4.||Check the commutator (A) surface. If the surface is dirty or burnt, resurface with emery cloth or a lathe within the following specifications, or recondition with #500 or #600 sandpaper (B).|
|5.||Check the commutator diameter. If the diameter is below the service limit, replace the armature.|
|6.||Measure the commutator (A) runout.|
|7.||Check the mica depth (A). If the mica is too high (B), undercut the mica with a hacksaw blade to the proper depth. Cut away all the mica (C) between the commutator segments. The undercut should not be too shallow, too narrow, or V-shaped (D).|
|8.||Check for continuity between the segments of the commutator. If an open circuit exists between any segments, replace the armature.|
|9.||Place the armature (A) on an armature tester (B). Hold a hacksaw blade (C) on the armature core. If the blade is attracted to the core or vibrates while the core is turned, the armature is shorted. Replace the armature.|
|10.||Check with an ohmmeter that no continuity exists between the commutator (A) and armature coil core (B), and between the commutator and armature shaft (C). If continuity exists, replace the armature.|
Starter Brush Inspection
|11.||Measure the brush length. If it is not within the service limit, replace the armature housing assembly.|
Starter Field Winding Test
|12.||Check for continuity between the (+) brushes (A) and motor wire (B), and between the (-) brushes (C) and armature housing (D). If there is no continuity, replace the armature housing.|
|13.||Check that there is no continuity between the (+) brushes and (-) brushes, and between the (+) brushes and armature housing. If there is continuity, replace the armature housing.|
Overrunning Clutch Inspection
|14.||Slide the overrunning clutch along the shaft.|
Replace it, if it does not slide smoothly.
|15.||Rotate the overrunning clutch (A) both ways.|
Does it lock in one direction and rotate smoothly in reverse? If it does not lock in either direction or it locks in both directions, replace it.
|16.||If the starter drive gear (B) is worn or damaged, replace the overrunning clutch assembly; the gear is not available separately.|
Check the condition of the flywheel or torque converter ring gear. Replace it if the starter drive gear teeth are damaged.
|17.||Install the armature in the housing, and install the brush holder, then install the each brush in the holder.|
NOTE: To seat new brushes, slip a strip of #500 or #600 sandpaper, with the grit side up, between the commutator and each brush, and smoothly rotate the armature. The contact surface of the brushes will be sanded to the same contour as the commutator.
|18.||Compress the spring, and install it in the brush holder.|
|19.||Install the brush holder insulator (A) and end cover (B).|