EVAP System Description
The evaporative emission (EVAP) controls minimize the amount of fuel vapor escaping into the atmosphere. Vapor from the fuel tank
is temporarily stored in the EVAP canister until it can be purged from the canister into the engine and burned.
The EVAP canister is purged by drawing fresh air through it and into a port on the intake manifold.
The purging vacuum is controlled by the EVAP canister purge valve.
lso attached to the EVAP canister are the EVAP canister vent shut valve and the fuel tank pressure (FTP) sensor
When fuel tank pressure increases because of heat and fuel vapor generation, evaporated fuel vapors are sent to the EVAP canister
where they are stored
When the engine coolant is hot enough, the PCM opens the EVAP canister purge valve to draw the stored fuel vapor in the EVAP
canister into the intake manifold to be burned. To regulate the amount of fuel vapor drawn into the engine, the PCM varies the EVAP
canister purge valve opening using duty cycle control.
When the outside air or other factor cools the fuel tank inside, the fuel tank pressure decreases.
The EVAP canister vent shut valve is normally open and allows outside air to enter the fuel tank through the EVAP canister.
If there is a system malfunction or blockage in the vent hose, a pressure valve on the fuel fill port opens and allows outside air to enter
preventing system damage.
The PCM uses the FTP sensor and EVAP canister vent shut valve to check for leaks in the system. When the enabling conditions are
met, the EVAP canister vent shut valve is closed, the PCM monitors for changes in the FTP sensor.
Joint of Intake Air Line (Turbo Model)
The purge air from the EVAP canister is drawn into the intake air at the merge point where more strong suction force.
Therefore, the merge point is variable by the engine condition with the turbocharger boost pressure.
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